By Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, Visit Amazon's Duncan Pritchard Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Duncan Pritchard,
Fresh epistemology has mirrored a becoming curiosity in concerns in regards to the price of information and the values informing epistemic appraisal. Is wisdom extra precious that in basic terms precise trust or maybe justified real trust? Is fact the valuable price informing epistemic appraisal or do different values input the image? Epistemic price is a set of formerly unpublished articles on such concerns by means of major philosophers within the box. it's going to stimulate dialogue of the character of information and of instructions that would be taken via the speculation of data. The individuals are Jason Baehr, Michael Brady, Berit Brogaard, Michael DePaul, Pascal Engel, Catherine Elgin, Alvin Goldman, John Greco, Stephen Grimm, Ward Jones, Martin Kusch, Jonathan Kvanvig, Michael Lynch, Erik Olsson, Wayne Riggs and Matthew Weiner.
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T H E S WA M PI N G A RG U M E N T The standard swamping argument, as endorsed by Jones, Swinburne, and others, runs simply as follows: (S1) Knowledge equals reliably produced true belief (simple reliabilism). (S2) If a given belief is true, its value will not be raised by the fact that it was reliably produced. (S3) Hence: knowledge is no more valuable than unreliably produced true belief. Since (S3) is a highly counterintuitive conclusion and the argument appears valid, one of the premises must be false.
For a critical discussion of Goldman’s defense of the weak sense of knowledge, see Le Morvan (2005). 22 Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson matters for someone who wants to get to Larissa is to have a true belief about its location. Satisfying the stronger requirement of knowing where Larissa is does not seem to make you any more likely to get there. Still we do believe that knowledge is somehow better. The extra-value-of-knowledge (EVOK) problem can be used to test the adequacy of accounts of knowledge.
W]hen the value of one property is parasitic on the value of another property in the way that the likelihood of X is parasitic on X itself, the value of the ﬁrst is swamped by the presence of the second. So even if likelihood of truth is a valuable property for a belief to have, adding that property to a belief already assumed to be true adds no value to the resulting composite that is not already present in true belief itself. (2003: 45) ⁷ Consider the following claim: (K2∗ ) Being produced by a process that normally produces true belief entails being likely to be true (unless we have explicit reasons for thinking that the belief is false).
Epistemic Value by Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, Visit Amazon's Duncan Pritchard Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Duncan Pritchard,