By R. L. Trask
A finished and demanding A-Z advisor to the most phrases and ideas utilized in the learn of language and linguistics, definitions featured contain:
* phrases utilized in grammatical analysis
* branches of linguistics from semantics to neurolinguistics
* methods utilized in learning language from serious discourse research to systemic linguistics
* linguistic phenomena from code-switching to conversational implicature
* language types from pidgin to straightforward language.
This absolutely up to date moment version features a new creation, a variety of new entries (reflecting advancements in linguistics) and added specialized extra examining for lecturers and extra complicated scholars.
Read or Download Language and Linguistics: The Key Concepts (2nd Edition) (Routledge Key Guides) PDF
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Additional info for Language and Linguistics: The Key Concepts (2nd Edition) (Routledge Key Guides)
The sentence She smoked illustrates perfective aspect (the event is viewed as an unanalysable whole); She was smoking shows continuous (or progressive) aspect (the event is viewed as extending over time); She used to smoke exhibits habitual aspect (the event is viewed as a customary or habitual one); She kept smoking illustrates iterative aspect (the action is viewed as a series of repeated events); She started smoking exhibits inchoative aspect (the event is viewed as just beginning); and She quit smoking exhibits conclusive aspect (the event is viewed as drawing to a close).
The term applied linguistics is most often encountered in connection with foreignlanguage teaching. Linguistic concepts ﬁnd a number of uses here, for example in contrastive linguistics – the systematic comparison of the sounds, the words and the grammatical systems of the mother 21 ARBITRARINESS tongue and the language being learned – with the intention of bringing out the important differences which need to be mastered. But linguistics has also proved useful in a variety of other practical domains, such as mother-tongue teaching, lexicography, translation, the teaching of reading, forensic linguistics, and the diagnosis and treatment of language disability.
The Italian logician Peano invented Latino Sine Flexione, a kind of simpliﬁed and regularized Latin, and the American writer Hogben followed with Interglossa, essentially a version of classical Greek with no wordendings at all. A kind of regularized common Romance called Interlingua was constructed by a group of people and has found some limited use, especially for scientiﬁc purposes. A modiﬁed and expanded version of Interglossa now called Glosa has recently been published. And dozens of other twentieth-century projects have been put forward only to sink without trace.
Language and Linguistics: The Key Concepts (2nd Edition) (Routledge Key Guides) by R. L. Trask