By Albert M. Oosterhof
This monograph is a entire research of some of the ways that genericity will be expressed in Dutch, dialects of Dutch, and languages relating to Dutch. at the foundation of empirical (corpus- and questionnaire-based) info, a variety of subject matters are mentioned which were addressed within the literature at the semantics and pragmatics of generics. The empirical information awarded during this publication shed new mild on matters the most important to the examine of genericity. a couple of extensively authorized principles are proven to be complex. for instance, arguments are offered opposed to the well known declare that innovative types mostly exclude characterizing interpretations. moreover, the writer exhibits that audio system don't agree of their decisions of the acceptability of naked plurals (as good as different noun word varieties) in prevalent contexts. Such info are an issue for the influential thesis that naked plurals discuss with forms unambiguously.
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Extra resources for The Semantics of Generics in Dutch and Related Languages
Com (July 2006). ” Cinque (1999: 99) assumes that overt as well as implicit adverbial elements occupy the specifier positions of functional projections (cf. the discussion above). He writes: “I will assume that generic sentences involve a generic operator in the Specifier position of an aspectual head” (my emphasis, AO). The label ‘aspectual’ is problematic, since there is no one-to-one relation between aspectual information and characterizing interpretations. Generalizations about objects are expressed independently of the temporal and aspectual properties of the sentences.
Raccoons are usually nocturnal animals, but rabid raccoons may come out during the day. 2 Syntactic aspects Syntactically, we assume that the implicit adverbial element occupies the same position in the tree as overt adverbs. To see that this is plausible, consider (6) below. (6) a. b. Zwarte beren zijn bruin van kleur. ’ Zwarte beren zijn soms bruin van kleur. ’ Sentence (6a) is a characterizing sentence. It contains an implicit quantificational element øGEN, which is responsible for the characterizing interpretation.
Sentence (35a) can receive the same habitual interpretation as (33a). 11 Marie drinkt bier. ’ b. Marie drinkt een biertje. ’ (35) a. Yet, sentence (36a) as well as (36b) can get the ordinary characterizing reading. (36) a. De olifant heeft een staart. ’ 11. This does not exclude the possibility that (slightly) different sentences such as (i), which contains an adverb that is absent in (35b), are acceptable (under the relevant reading). This could be a counterexample to Rimell’s observation. Note, however, that there is a semantic contrast between sentence (i) and the acceptable sentence in (35a).
The Semantics of Generics in Dutch and Related Languages by Albert M. Oosterhof